Spektor Valentin


Valentin Spektor, Ph.D.


Leading Research Scientist, Laboratory of General Geocryology


ORCID: 0000-0002-7791-0972
Web of Science ResearcherID: J-9015-2018
Scopus ID: 26533352000


Tel.: 7-4112-390884
Email: vvspector@mpi.ysn.ru


Education

  • M.S. (Philology), Yakutsk State University, 1998
  • M.S. (Geography), Yakutsk State University, 2002
  • Ph.D. (Geography), Melnikov Permafrost Institute, 2003. Dissertation: The Origin of Cryolithogenic Complexes in the High Plain of the Lena-Amga Watershed


Research Interests

  • Permafrost
  • Geomorphology
  • Paleoenvironments
  • Quaternary period


Current Projects

  • SB RAS Basic Research Project IX.135.2.5, 2017-2020: Structure, Age and Development of Permafrost in the Interior Areas of Central and Northeast Asia (Project Director)
  • NSF Project, 2017-2021: Larch Recruitment Failure and Increased Wildfire Severity in the Siberian Arctic, PI: Heather D. Alexander, Mississippi State University (Collaborator)
  • RFBR–Russian Geographical Society Project 17-05-41079\18, 2017-2019: 1:2,500,000-Scale Mapping of Upper Permafrost Parameters, Eastern Russian Arctic (Project Director)
  • RFBR_NSFC Project 18-55-53054-GFEN_a, 2018-2019. Formation, Modern State of Pleistocene Cryogenic Deposits in Eastern Asia, and Forecast of Their Dynamics in Relation to the Ongoing Climatic Variations (Project Co-Director)
  • RFBR Project 18-05-00990/18, 2018-2020: Wildfire-Induced Changes in Near-Surface Permafrost Temperatures (Project Director)


Selected Past Projects

  • Principal Investigator, Block 2. Permafrost Records of Late Cenozoic Glacial Events in the Valleys of Northeast Asia. SB RAS Basic Research Project VIII.77.2.2, 2013-2016. Mountain Glaciations and Permafrost in Continental Areas of Central and Northeastern Asia. Response of Glacial and Periglacial Formations to Recent Changes in Climate (Project Director: A.A. Galanin, D.Sc.)
  • Co-Investigator, RFBR Project 13-05-00267, 2013-2015. The Formation, Current State, and Predicted Changes of the Laptev Sea Offshore Permafrost (Project Director: S.O. Razumov)
  • Co-Investigator, RFBR Project 13-05-12037, 2013-2015. Distribution and Evolution of Subsea Permafrost in the Russia’s Eastern Arctic: Temperature Regime, Degradation Rates, Gas Seeps, and Modeling Based on Drilling and Geophysical Data (Project Director: M.N. Grigoriev)
  • Co-Investigator, RFBR-Republic of Sakha/Yakutia Grant 12-05-98501-р_восток_а, 2012-2014. Engineering-Geocryological Mapping of North-Eastern Russia at a Scale of 1:2,500,000 (Project Director: R.V. Zhang)
  • Co-Investigator, Sub-project. Coevolution of Permafrost, Paleoclimate and Eustatic Sea-Level Changes in Northern Asia During the Pleistocene and Holocene Inferred from Type Localities (Project Director: V.B. Spektor, D.Sc.), 2012-2014. SB RAS – FEB RAS Partner Integration Project 9. Comparison of Environment Evolution between Siberia and Far East for Main Time Slices in the Late Cenozoic
  • Scientist, 2007-2014, The Polaris Project (Project Director: R. Max Holmes, Woods Hole Research Center, USA)
  • Co-Investigator, Public Contract No. 1135 of 17 June 2011 with the Government of Sakha/Yakutia. Engineering Geology Mapping of the Republic of Sakha/Yakutia at a Scale of 1:1,500,000, 2011-2013


Memberships

  • Russian Academy of Sciences expert
  • Member, Russian Geographical Society
  • Member, MPI Scientific Council


Field Work

  • 2014-present – Middle Lena River area (Khangalas, Ust-Aldan and Lower Kolyma Districts, Yakutsk)
  • 2014-present – Lower Kolyma River area
  • 2004 – joint studies with the Central Prospecting Expedition and the Diamond and Precious Metal Geology Institute at the Mamontova Gora exposure on the Aldan River
  • 2004 – joint Russian-German studies in the Lena-Amga watershed (Prokhladnoe Lake, permafrost exposures near Maimaga Village and Muru Lake)
  • 2004 – drilling of Quaternary sediments near Chyappara Village, Lena-Amga Watershed (the Abalakh Terrace), Central Yakutia
  • 2003 – joint Russian-German studies along the Dyanyshka River, Verkhoyansk Mountains
  • 2001 – field studies of permafrost exposures along the Lower Aldan and Middle Lena Rivers
  • 2000 – field studies of permafrost exposures along the Lower Aldan River
  • 2000 – drilling of bottom sediments from the ice surface, Timie Lake, Pre-Lena Plateau
  • 1999 – field studies of permafrost exposures along the Middle Lena River


Teaching

  • MPI Graduate Studies Program
  • lecturer (Course: New Research Methods for Permafrost Sediments)
  • supervisor (Varvara Andreeva, PhD student)


Selected Publications

  • Andreeva V., Maksimov G., Spektor V., Kholodov A., Davydov S. (2019). Cryostratigraphy of the upper horizon of permafrost at the post-fire sites in vicinity of the town of Chersky. In: Solving the Puzzles from Cryosphere, Int. Conf., Pushchino, Russia, April 15-18, 2019, Program and Abstracts, p. 43-44.
  • Alexander, H. D., Natali, S. M., Loranty, M. M., Ludwig, S. M., Spektor, V. V., Davydov, S., Zimov, N., Trujillo, I. and Mack, M. C. (2018). Impacts of increased soil burn severity on larch forest regeneration on permafrost soils of far northeastern Siberia. Forest Ecology and Management, 417, pp. 144-153. doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2018.03.008.
  • Heslop, J. K.; Chandra, S.; Sobzcak, W. V.; Davydov, S. P.; Davydova, A. I.; Spektor, V. V.; Anthony, K. M. W. Variable respiration rates of incubated permafrost soil extracts from the Kolyma River lowlands, north-east Siberia. Polar Research 2017, 36. DOI: 10.1080/17518369.2017.1305157
  • Webb, E. E.; Heard, K.; Natali, S. M.; Bunn, A. G.; Alexander, H. D.; Berner, L. T.; Kholodov, A.; Loranty, M. M.; Schade, J. D.; Spektor, V.; Zimov, N. Variability in above- and belowground carbon stocks in a Siberian larch watershed. Biogeosciences 2017, 14 (18), 4279-4294. DOI: 10.5194/bg-14-4279-2017
  • Spektor V. B., Spektor V. V., Bakulina N. T., Torgovkin N. V., Cherepanova A. M., Maksimov G. T., Neradovskii L. G. (2016). An inlier of Jurassic rocks at the bottom of the Lena River valley. Doklady Earth Sciences 467(1), 232-235.
  • Strauss J., Fedorov A. N., Fortier D., Froese D., Fuchs M., Grosse G., Günther F., Harden J., Hugelius G., Kanevskiy M., Kholodov A., Kunitskiy V., Kraev G., Laboor S., Lapointe-Elmrabti L., Lozhkin A., Rivkina E., Robinson J.,. Schirrmeister L, Shmelev D., Shur Y., Siegert C., Spektor V., Ulrich M., Vartanyan S., Veremeeva A., Walter Anthony K., Zimov S.A. (2016). Ice-Rich Yedoma Permafrost: A Synthesis of Northern Hemisphere Distribution and Thickness (IPA Action Group). In: Günther, F. and Morgenstern, A. (Eds.). XI. International Conference on Permafrost – Book of Abstracts, 20 – 24 June 2016, Potsdam, Germany. Bibliothek Wissenschaftspark Albert Einstein, doi:10.2312/GFZ.LIS.2016.001, p. 601-603.
  • Heard Kathryn, Natali Susan, Bunn Andrew G, Loranty Michael M, Kholodov Alexander L, Schade John D, Berner Logan T., Spektor Valentin, Zimov Nikita, Alexander Heather Dawn (2015). Analysis of terrestrial carbon stocks in a small catchment of northeastern Siberia. AGU Fall Meeting, 14-18 December 2015, San Francisco, 2015.
  • Oshurkova, V., Kholodov, A. L., Spektor, V.V., Sherbakova, V., Rivkina, E. (2014). The effect of sedimentation conditions of frozen deposits at the Kolyma lowland on the distribution of methane and microorganisms activity. American Geophysical Union, fall meeting, San Francisco, California.
  • Spektor, V.B., Torgovkin, Ya.I., Shestakova, A.A., Spektor, V.V., Ivanova, L.D., Kozmin, B.M. (2014). Engineering Geological Map of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions 6 (5), 484-493.
  • Spektor, V. B., Lifshits, S.Kh., Spektor, V.V. (2014). Contribution of the East Arctic Sea Shelf into the methane emission. IV International Conference "The Role of Permafrost Ecosystems in a Changing Climate", 5-8 August, 2014, Yakutsk, Russia.
  • Spektor, V.V., Vonk, J., Kholodov, A.L., Spawn, S., Spektor, V.B., Andreeva, V.V. (2014). Isotopic content of ground ice in the Lower Kolyma River valley. GC31B-0460. AGU Fall Meeting, 15-19 December 2014, San Francisco, California USA.
  • Spektor, V.V., Kholodov, A.L., Bulygina, E.B., Spawn, S., Davydov, S., Klimova, I.V. (2013). Yedoma of the Lower Kolyma: new insight on palaeoenvironment. International Conference "Earth Cryology: XXI century”, Puschino 29 Sept-3 Oct. 2013. p. 53-54.
  • Spektor, V.V., Kholodov, A.L., Spawn, S., Schade, J.D., Natali, S., Davydov, S., Bulygina, E., Khokhlova, G. (2013). Permafrost organic matter study in the Lower Kolyma Lowland (Eastern Siberia) based on drilling record // AGU Fall Meeting, 9-13 December 2013, San Francisco, California, USA. - San Francisco.
  • Kholodov, A.L., S. Natali; V.V. Spektor; S. Davydov; S.A. Zimov; V. Andreeva (2012). Influence of ecosystem conditions on permafrost temperature dynamics of the lower Kolyma region. AGU Fall Meeting, 3-7 December 2012, San Francisco, California, USA.
  • Spektor, V.B., Spektor, V.V., Bakulina N.T. (2012). Buried snow on the Lena-Amga Rivers plain. Earth Cryosphere XV(4).
  • Spektor, V.B., Torgovkin, Ya., Spektor, V.V., Shestakova, A.A. (2012). Preliminary assessment of frozen ground stability and associated exploration hazards in the Russian Northeast. Tenth International Conference on Permafrost (TICOP), June 25-29, 2012, Salekhard, pp. 565-566.
  • Spektor, V.V., Kholodov, A., Bulygina, E., Andreeva, V., Broderick, D., Spawn, S., Natali, S., Davydova, A. (2012). Preliminary results of the permafrost carbon study in the Lower Kolyma Lowland (Eastern Siberia) based on drilling record. AGU Fall Meeting, 3-7 December 2012, San Francisco, California, USA.
  • Spektor, V.V., Heslop, J., Davydov, S., Chandra, S., Klimova, I., Bakulina, N., Bulygina, E. (2011). On the genesis of the Lower Kolyma based on multidisciplinary approach. AGU Fall Meeting 2011. San Francisco, California, USA. 5-9 December 2011.
  • Denfeld, B., Frey, K., Bulygina, E.B., Bunn, A., Chandra, S., Davydov, S., Holmes, R. M., Schade J., Sobczak, W., Spektor, V.V., Walter, K.A., Zimov, S. (2010). Impacts of watershed characteristics on the biogeochemistry of the Kolyma River basin, Northeast Siberia. In: State of Arctic, 16-19 March 2010. Miami, USA.
  • Drake, T., Seybold, E., Schade, J., Bulygina, E., Bunn, A., Chandra, S., Davydov, S., Frey, K., Holmes, R.M., Sobczak, W., Spektor, V.V., Walter, K.A., Zimov, S. (2010). Transient storage, discharge, and nutrient uptake in streams of the Kolyma River Basin. In: State of Arctic, 16-19 March 2010. Miami, USA..
  • Griffin, C. G., Frey, K.E., Bulygina, E.B., Bunn, A., Chandra, S., Davydov, S., Holmes, R.M., Schade, J., Sobczak, W., Walter, K.A., Spektor, V.V. (2010). Modeling dissolved organic matter in northeastern Siberian lakes and rivers using Landsat TM and ETM+ satellite imagery. In: State of Arctic, 16-19 March 2010, Miami, USA.
  • Heslop, J., Spektor, V.V., Torgovkin, N., Chandra, S., Walter Anthony, K., Holmes, R.M., Bulygina, E., Bunn, A., Frey, K., Schade, J., Sobczak, W., Zimov, S., Zimov, N., Davidov, S. (2010). Comparison of three permafrost profiles along a small subwatershed in north Siberia. In: State of Arctic, 16-19 March 2010, Miami, USA.
  • Hough, M. A., Frey, K., Sobczak, W., Bunn, A., Bulygina, E.B., Sudeep, S., Davydov, S., Holmes, R.M., Schade, J., Spektor, V.V., Walter, K.A., Zimov, S. (2010)/ Potential impacts of permafrost degradation on carbon storage of peat soils in the Kolyma River basin, East Siberia. State of Arctic, 16-19 March 2010, Miami, USA.
  • Seybold, E., Drake, T., Schade, J., Bulygina, E., Bunn, A., Chandra, S., Davydov, S., Frey, K., Holmes, R.M., Sobczak, W., Spektor, V.V., Walter, K.A., Zimov, S. (2010). Assessing biogeochemical cycling and transient storage of surface water in eastern Siberian streams using short-term solute additions. In: State of Arctic, 16-19 March 2010, Miami, USA.
  • Sobczak, W. V., Schade, J.D., Bulygina, E.B., Bunn, A.G., Chandra, S., Frey, K.E., Holmes, R.M., Spektor, V.V., Zimov, N., Zimov, S.A.( 2010). Organic matter bioavailability among aquatic habitats in Siberia’s Kolyma river watershed during summer baseflow. ASLO/NABS Meeting, Santa Fe, NM (June 6-11, 2010).
  • Spektor, V.V., Bulygina, E., Bunn, A., Chandra, S., Davydov, S., Frey, K., Holmes, R.M., Schade, J., Sobczak, W., Falina, A. (2010). On genesis of the Lower Kolyma edoma based on new AMS 14C dates from Duvanny Yar. In: State of Arctic. 16-19 March 2010, Miami, USA, 2010.
  • Spektor, V. B., Torgovkin, Ya., Zhang, R., Shestakova, A., Spektor, V.V. (2009). Spatial distribution of main engineering-geological groups of frozen ground and related geological processes in Yakutia. Eighth International Symposium on Permafrost Engineering, October 14-17, 2009, Xi’an, China. p. 324-326.
  • Spektor, V. B., Kerchengolts B., Lifshiz, S., Spektor V.V. (2009). Interactions between hydrosphere and atmosphere in a carbonate-methane system of the planetary climate. 24th International Meeting on Organic Geochemistry, September 6-11, 2009. Bremen, Germany.
  • Spektor, V. B., Spektor, V.V., 2009. Karst processes and phenomena in the frozen carbonate rocks of the Middle Lena River basin. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes 20 (1): 71-78.
  • Spektor, V. B., Spektor, V.V., Bakulina, N.T. (2008). New data on the ice complex of the Lena-Amga Rivers Plain (Central Yakutia). Vol. 2. Ninth International Conference on Permafrost, June 29-July 3, 2008, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Institute of Northern Engineering University of Alaska Fairbanks. p. 1681-1684.
  • Stauch, G., Popp, S. , Spektor, V., Belolyubsky, I., Siegert, C. , Diekmann, B., Lehmkuhl, F. (2008). Late Pleistocene glaciations in the Verkhoyansk Mountains, North-Eastern Siberia. Vol. 60. International Conference Geo2008 - Resources and Risks in the Earth System, September 29 - October 2, 2008, Aachen, Germany, Aachen, Schriftenreihe der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Geowissenschaften. p. 211.
  • Spektor, V. V., Rusakov, V., Zheleznyak, M. (2007). Influence of climate on ground temperatures in Yakutia. Abstracts of the Asia Climate and Cryosphere (CLIC) Workshop, Yokohama, Japan May 15-21, 2007.
  • Popp, S., Belolyubsky, I., Lehmkuhl, F., Prokopiev, A., Siegert, C., Spektor, V., Stauch, G., Diekmann, B., 2007. Sediment provenance of late Quaternary morainic, fluvial and loess-like deposits in the southwestern Verkhoyansk Mountains (eastern Siberia) and implications for regional palaeoenvironmental reconstructions. Geological Journal 42: 477-497.
  • Spektor, V. B., Spektor, V.V. Nikolaev, V.A., Kolesnikov, A.B. (2006). Karst processes and phenomena in frozen carbonate rocks of the Middle Lena River basin. Asian Conference on Permafrost, Lanzhou, China. August 7-9, 2006. p. 107-108.
  • Diekmann, B., Lemkuhl, F., Andreev, A., Frechen, M., Hubberten, H.W., Popp, S., Siegert, C., Spektor, V., Stauch, G. (2004). Late Quaternary environment of Central Yakutia (NE Siberia). American Geophysical Union (AGU) Fall Meeting. 13-17 December 2004, San Francisco, California.
  • Spektor, V.V. (2004). Defining of vectors of main stresses in the basement of brick buildings on pile foundations in Yakutsk (Russia). 6th International Symposium on Permafrost Engineering, Lanzhou, China.
  • Spektor, V.B., Spektor, V.V. (2000). Buried cryogenic deformations in bank exposures of the middle stream Lena River (North-East of Russia). 31st International Geological Congress, Rio de Janeiro.